If at any time you wonder how children and some adults go from having awkward, misaligned and crooked smiles to something miraculous in the end with the help of braces, then you have come to the right place. After reading through this explanation, you will have a clear understanding of how braces work. In a nutshell, dental braces are little gadgets that work in an impressive way to move your teeth over time, so that after using them you end up with a perfect teach alignment.

Here are the four basic parts of braces. You have the brackets that are made of metal or ceramic and attach to every tooth. You also have a bonding material that can be glue or a metal band. The bonding material hooks the bracket to the tooth. There is also a thin arch wire running from one bracket to the next that exerts pressure on the teeth. Lastly, you have a ligature elastic or what would be referred to as the O-ring. It is a small elastic feature that exerts additional pressure to the teeth to straighten them.

Even after knowing what constitutes braces, you still might wonder how dental braces work. Well, during installation, the dentist tightens the braces to pull back teeth. After a while, the teeth assume the new position as their default. The process is gradual, and the dentist will make tightening adjustment to the braces every two weeks or so, for about two years. For faster results, you can first have a surgical treatment to straighten the teeth before wearing braces for three to six months.

For some people, this sounds very painful but it’s not. The brackets help to hold the arch wire so that the pressure on teeth is not too much. The wire acts like a strong elastic band that gradually reverts to its original perfect arch form over time and that is what eventually leads to teeth straightening.

It is important to note that no one method works for everyone. Dentists will use the basic parts of braces together with various corrective appliances such as elastics, spacers, ties and springs help fasten the arch wire, hold up the teeth and jaw in position and create even spacing between teeth.

After attaining perfect teeth arrangement, the dentist removes the braces and replaces them with a retainer. This helps to hold the teeth in position, until the bone structure around them grows firm.